Ankle Sprains are common injuries that occur when the strong ligaments that support the ankle stretch beyond their limits and tear. Most sprained ankles occur in the lateral ligaments on the outside of the ankle. Ankle sprains range from mild to server depending on the damage done to the ligaments.
There are 3 grades of Sprains
Grade 1 Sprain (Mild) – Slight stretching of and microscopic tearing of the ligament fibers, Mild tenderness and swelling around the ankle.
Grade 2 Sprain (Moderate) -Partial tearing of the ligament, Moderate tenderness and swelling around the ankle, Abnormal looseness of the ankle joint.
Grade 3 Sprain (Server) – Complete tear of the ligament, significant tenderness and swelling around the ankle, Substantial instability in the ankle with certain movements.
Unexpected twist of the foot while participating in many different activities such as:
- Walking or exercising on uneven surfaces
- Falling down
- Participating in sports that require cutting, rolling, and twisting of the foot like – Trail Running, Basketball, Baseball, Football, soccer, etc.….
- During Sports activates, someone else may step on your foot while you are running, causing your foot to twist or roll to the side
A Sprained Ankle is painful. Other symptoms may include:
- Tender to the touch
- Instability of the ankle – This may occur when there has been a complete tearing of the ligament or complete dislocation of the ankle Joint.
Treatment for all Ankle Sprains is a 3-phase program.
- Phase 1 – Resting and protecting the ankle and reducing the swelling.
- Phase 2 – Restoring range of motion, strength, and flexibility in the ankle.
- Phase 3 – Maintenance exercises and the gradual return to activities that do not require turning or twisting of the ankle. Followed by later getting back to normal activities as the ankle’s stability improves.
This Three phase program will take anywhere from 2-12 weeks depending on the Grade of Ankle Sprain.